What really happened to the Library of Alexandria? - Elizabeth Cox

  • Опубликовано: 14 авг 2018
  • Check out our Patreon page: www.patreon.com/teded
    View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/what-really-happened-to-the-library-of-alexandria-elizabeth-cox
    2,300 years ago, the rulers of Alexandria set out to fulfill a very audacious goal: to collect all the knowledge in the world under one roof. In its prime, the Library of Alexandria housed an unprecedented number of scrolls and attracted some of the Greek world’s greatest minds. But by the end of the 5th century CE, it had vanished. Elizabeth Cox details the rise and fall of this great building.
    Lesson by Elizabeth Cox, directed by Inna Phillimore.
    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Bev Millar, Rishi Pasham, Jhuval, SookKwan Loong, Daniel Day, Nick Johnson, Bruno Pinho, Javier Aldavaz, Rodrigo Carballo, Marc Veale, Boytsov Ilya, maxi kobi einy, Misaki Sato, Craig Sheldon, Andrew Bosco, Catherine Sverko, Nik Maier, Mark Morris, Tamás Drávai, Adi V, Peter Liu, Leora Allen, Hiroshi Uchiyama, Michal Salman, Julie Cummings-Debrot, Gilly, Ka-Hei Law, Maya Toll, Aleksandar Srbinovski, Ricardo Rendon Cepeda, Renhe Ji, Andrés Melo Gámez, Tim Leistikow, Moonlight, Shawar Khan, Chris , Megan Douglas, Barbara Smalley, Filip Dabrowski, Joe Giamartino, Clair Chen, Vik Nagjee, Karen Goepen-Wee, Della Palacios, and Bah Becerra.

Комментарии • 1 595

  • TED-Ed
    TED-Ed  7 месяцев назад +178

    What do you know about history's most mysterious book? Find out more here: bit.ly/2BcostO

    • uncaring nousername
      uncaring nousername Месяц назад

      Jivan Sesay
      The Romans took it back. Its in the 50 miles of tunnels under the Vatican so I hear. The Pope and Ceaser would never have allowed that knowledge to be destroyed.

    • Jivan Sesay
      Jivan Sesay 3 месяца назад

      A lot of that is true but the Egyptians created the library and invited everyone into it that’s when greed occurred and the library was burned...

    • mutleyshotta
      mutleyshotta 6 месяцев назад +2

      Stolen african knowledge. Greeks were students. Africans were the teachers...alexander the greek not great...

  • Chimps coma
    Chimps coma 19 часов назад

    fuckin religions man...

  • B Cardi
    B Cardi День назад

    This makes me mad

  • elite27
    elite27 3 дня назад

    damn huh probably set humanity back by 1000 years

  • Sebastian kolroW
    Sebastian kolroW 4 дня назад

    When in doubt, eat cake
    -Cosmo (Fairly Oddparents)

  • Juanito Pelaez
    Juanito Pelaez 5 дней назад

    If they only used back ups for their collected scrolls. If they only know how to make time capsules during that time. SMH

  • Matthew Tenorio_3200654
    Matthew Tenorio_3200654 6 дней назад

    Romans and muslims, period.

  • Mary Mishell
    Mary Mishell 7 дней назад

    God! I hate Romans! Why couldn't they just have stayed in Italy?

  • D. A.
    D. A. 7 дней назад

    So where are the copies?

  • Dark Horse
    Dark Horse 9 дней назад +1

    So in summary, organised religion destroyed the library, through fear of the power of the knowledge contained.

  • Hamza Sboul
    Hamza Sboul 9 дней назад +2

    I took this as a listening assessment in school 🏫

  • Pegasus Rider
    Pegasus Rider 10 дней назад +1

    Too bad the library burnt down, but no worries, we have TedEd after all. Though, as a book lover I do mourn for the books I will never have a chance to read

  • yah yeet
    yah yeet 13 дней назад +1

    The library is like the internet in a way

  • Clay Alan Nelson
    Clay Alan Nelson 13 дней назад +1

    Monotheistic ideologies have always loved to censor knowledge, haven’t they!

  • Aaron Ramsden
    Aaron Ramsden 15 дней назад +1

    Religion is one of the biggest threats to intelligent progression

  • croccie
    croccie 17 дней назад

    In the series, “The Great Library”, even the lighthouse is mentioned and the surroundings are so well placed and described, you all should read it. The books are just amazing.

  • Anthony Ngunjiri
    Anthony Ngunjiri 18 дней назад

    Africa has come of age. Embracing digital library. ruclip.com/video/Yf8H-7rFuU8/%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BE.html

  • Tincho Sabala
    Tincho Sabala 18 дней назад +1

    If only Brutus had been there a bit earlier...

  • Gabriel Gomez
    Gabriel Gomez 19 дней назад +1

    Bruh this sound like that one piece episode

  • Rodrigo Figo
    Rodrigo Figo 20 дней назад

    Tfw when you're chilling and having a good day and then you remember that the burning of the library of Alexandria delayed humanity's technological progression by at *least* one thousand years

  • Melody Abrogar
    Melody Abrogar 22 дня назад +1

    Now I know the reason why julius caesar was stabbed 23 times

  • falcon
    falcon 25 дней назад +1

    This proves rich people didn't want knowledge to be spread among commoners
    Just same as religion they brought to control them

  • John Ergon Golpe
    John Ergon Golpe 26 дней назад +2

    if the Alexandria Library didnt fall, we could've had evolved memes today.

  • philosophicalreason
    philosophicalreason 27 дней назад

    Religious fanatics even today want to prevent us from having knowledge,you want proof just look at the middle east,one of the first things ISIS did was to destroy museums and records kept anywhere that contained any type of history.

  • ace queen
    ace queen 28 дней назад +1

    So Caesar really *did* deserve to get stabbed

  • Blor lores
    Blor lores 29 дней назад +1

    Irony, ignorance destroyed the Great Library.

  • A
    A 29 дней назад +1

    Imagine what the world would be like today if the Libary didn't disappear.

  • muhittin küçüksucu
    muhittin küçüksucu 29 дней назад

    M.Ö. nasıl hristiyan yöneticiler vardı sanırım Milattan önce sonra kavramları yanlış olmuş

  • Xara
    Xara 29 дней назад

    This makes me quite sad and somewhat depressed. All that work, data, accounts, stories, narratives, ALL THAT HISTORY.. some of which we may have not yet uncovered such as burial grounds, treasures or other wars and epic stories, biographicies, theories, cultures etc, all that we have no idea about...just up in flames.

  • Yes
    Yes Месяц назад

    Every time I think of this I get really angry.

  • Jelena Vojvodic
    Jelena Vojvodic Месяц назад

    Izgorela u požaru!!! "*

  • Erikas
    Erikas Месяц назад

    Just imagine, if the pope and the Church would have shared the knowledge with that timeline intellectuals and let to use our ancestors collected all the gathered knowledge at that time..how much would our humanity been advanced?! I mean, something like Reinasance would have happened at least 1,000 years ahead! I guess that at least one of those scripts inside Vatican's library have some knowledge, which we will discover it by ourselves only like, 10 years ahead or something like that! If more researchers and scientists would be interested to study all those script more seriously, maybe we might find some ancient knowledge, which we could use in our modern time to advance our humanity. Like..filling the gaps in history, developing philosophy, maybe find some small ammount of knowledge in maths, medicine or technology and etc.

  • desmond waran
    desmond waran Месяц назад

    Google be the modern day Alexandria. Cloud dpace for centuries 😂

  • Swartz
    Swartz Месяц назад

    The first Google.

  • Allen Drew
    Allen Drew Месяц назад

    It's all stashed in the Vatican bunch of crooks.

  • Elite Troll
    Elite Troll Месяц назад

    Why dont you say it? That Christians burned the Library to the ground..

    • Marwan Khalifa
      Marwan Khalifa 29 дней назад

      the egyptians were christians since first century, the library was destroyed in 5th century, so why you blaming us, it lasted with us for 400 years

  • Konrad Jakubczak
    Konrad Jakubczak Месяц назад

    And that’s why we’re still primitive species, because we wasted 1000 years fighting in the name of something that probably doesn’t exist and religion still holds us back...

  • Taail Manaf
    Taail Manaf Месяц назад

    Wasn't it Al-Biruni who discovered the method to calculate the radius of Earth, and subsequently it's circumference?

  • Julius Caesar
    Julius Caesar Месяц назад

    Ok I’m sorry for burning party of the library but like they said I didn’t burn all of it

  • Umberto Toni
    Umberto Toni Месяц назад

    Pure PC cretinism. The Great Library was burned by order of the Caliph Omar, the second succesor of Mohamed, according with arab chronists of the epoch. In 642 Alexandria was took by the islamists of the general Amir ibn Alas and Omar ordered the destruction. Not Caesar or the Christians. This history is told by arab historians since the 10th century as Al Quift and Bar Hebree. The censorship of the PC is so scandalous that this information isn't barely cogitated in this video, and the wikipedia article about this subject is blocked.

  • Aditya kumar kanoongo
    Aditya kumar kanoongo Месяц назад

    Teded should also read and write about indian history. Indian university like taxila and nalanda were huge centre of studies. Nalanda was largest university till 13-14 cent AD which later burnt down by invaders who considered books part of blasphemy.

  • Wendin
    Wendin Месяц назад

    yeah, kinda sucks that cultural heritage gets so often destroyed and lost by othger cultures not valuing any of that...

  • uncaring nousername
    uncaring nousername Месяц назад

    What do you think is hidden in the 50 miles of tunnels underneath the Vatican. Do you think the Pope and the Romans would let that knowledge be destroyed Seriously?

  • Nantz Stein
    Nantz Stein Месяц назад +1

    The loss of the Library of Baghdad was worst in all aspects.

    • Unknown name
      Unknown name Месяц назад

      And no, "Islam is a religion of peace" isn't evidence.

  • Ron Ruddick
    Ron Ruddick Месяц назад

    Which world? It's an important determining factor concerning the level of "all" we're dealing with.

  • Red Rebel
    Red Rebel Месяц назад

    You have to watch the movie Agora! It’s as close as you get to what happens to the library. It’s really sad though 💔

  • David Stoyanoff
    David Stoyanoff Месяц назад

    religious leaders destroying knowledge? who knew?

    • Minä N
      Minä N Месяц назад

      +David Stoyanoff Dunno but not muslims. That claim has been debunked.

    • David Stoyanoff
      David Stoyanoff Месяц назад

      +Minä N so maybe the Christians destroyed it?

    • Minä N
      Minä N Месяц назад

      The ancecdote that is usually told about the destruction of the library by Caliph Umar is that the Christian scholar John Philoponus asked the Caliph to spare the contents of the city’s public libraries, but the Caliph retorted that the books which contradicted the Quran were false, and should be destroyed, while those which did not contradict it were superfluous and thus also should be destroyed. The problem with this anecdote is that Philoponus was born in the 490’s, and the Caliph captured Alexandria in 641.

      the theroy that muslims destroyed the rest of the library is just a bad theory.

  • Alan Maslowski
    Alan Maslowski Месяц назад

    "Book hunter" sounds like an amazing job, just sayin'.

  • Kacpix
    Kacpix Месяц назад

    @TED-Ed Would you please make a video about Alexander the Great?

  • Le Bro
    Le Bro Месяц назад

    Alexander is trying to make Wikipedia

  • cyberwolfy37
    cyberwolfy37 Месяц назад

    destruction of knowledge ought to be crimes against humanity.

  • Thanos GNS
    Thanos GNS Месяц назад

    Alexandria may not have been burned but the texts were hidden because of high knowledge whithin the texts that the cristian / jews didnt wanted humanity to have , and to be able to spread zionism everywhere...
    I study ancient greek books , texts and i have found things that describe newtonian physics (1500 earlyer) , exoterestrials , the aminoxids of dna ( its molecular structure) and this is the 1% of what exists in ancient greek writings ... If you dont believe me go find the proof yourself...

  • Nazik Adam
    Nazik Adam Месяц назад

    Umm what? Didn't muslim scholars study ancient greek's sciencitific discoveries and stuff?

    • Minä N
      Minä N Месяц назад

      yes,look aty this.
      "The ancecdote that is usually told about the destruction of the library by Caliph Umar is that the Christian scholar John Philoponus asked the Caliph to spare the contents of the city’s public libraries, but the Caliph retorted that the books which contradicted the Quran were false, and should be destroyed, while those which did not contradict it were superfluous and thus also should be destroyed. The problem with this anecdote is that Philoponus was born in the 490’s, and the Caliph captured Alexandria in 641.
      no proof of that mulsim actually did burn some scriptures i mean they were pro knoiwledge and WE still are.
      According to wikipedia:" In AD 642, Alexandria was captured by the Muslim army of 'Amr ibn al-'As. Several later Arabic sources describe the library's destruction by the order of Caliph Omar.[119][120] Bar-Hebraeus, writing in the thirteenth century, quotes Omar as saying to Yaḥyā al-Naḥwī: "If those books are in agreement with the Quran, we have no need of them; and if these are opposed to the Quran, destroy them."[121] Later scholars, including Father Eusèbe Renaudot in 1793, are skeptical of these stories, given the range of time that had passed before they were written down and the political motivations of the various writers"

      hmmm....so you see. Just bad lies. May Allah SWT guide them.

  • 7Smadi
    7Smadi Месяц назад +1

    The comments shows that Assassin’s creed contributed on teaching history to our generation more than anything else, I have visited Egypt last spring, and Greece this summer, I hope I will visit Japan next year.

  • Warren Gouldthorpe
    Warren Gouldthorpe 2 месяца назад

    An ancient version of the Internet

  • bamm86
    bamm86 2 месяца назад

    Smh white people. Always trying to stifle and destroy knowledge for sake of power. That behavior is all throughout white people’s history. Congratulations, you figured out the earth is round twice.

  • Pedro Hernandez
    Pedro Hernandez 2 месяца назад

    Wait, if Muslims were the last to have it, then shouldn't we ask those guys? Lol no one would ever burn it, because knowledge is power!!

  • Josue Palomares
    Josue Palomares 2 месяца назад +1

    Oh yeah yeah

  • Ajde Bre
    Ajde Bre 2 месяца назад

    Macedonian ! not greek

  • Danice Lobrin
    Danice Lobrin 2 месяца назад

    Reminds me of that lost library in Avatar

  • StarWarFan
    StarWarFan 2 месяца назад

    The Archmaesters of the Citadel...

  • Priest
    Priest 2 месяца назад

    You have this open space. What will you do with it?

  • ta sa
    ta sa 2 месяца назад

    "Book hunters", now that's a career I would've loved to pursue!

  • GeneralGreevas
    GeneralGreevas 2 месяца назад

    If the people who "worked" at the library were so smart, why didnt they make 2-3 copies and put them underground

  • Ahmed Abdelaziz z
    Ahmed Abdelaziz z 2 месяца назад

    Iam from alexandria 😎🇪🇬

  • chemxal
    chemxal 2 месяца назад

    thanks religion

  • Selahaddin33
    Selahaddin33 2 месяца назад

    Where is the evidence that muslim rulers viewed written knowledge from other cultures as a threat? We know the very opposite to be true with the very principles of the religion itself but also with the Islamic history of Andalusia, Spain

  • Think Outside The Steeple
    Think Outside The Steeple 2 месяца назад

    Blasphemy isn't a real thing. Kill anybody who believes in blasphemy.

  • AHB
    AHB 2 месяца назад

    It was lost and burn “by the roman empire “maybe because they dont believe on science created the life and the universe not gods!

    S&S AMERICA 2 месяца назад

    Yeah but now we have the Internet which is way better than some library

  • Kobe Bean Bryant
    Kobe Bean Bryant 2 месяца назад

    Great library of google

  • ObieJPM
    ObieJPM 2 месяца назад +2

    The internet is the new library of Alexandria!

  • Sneric
    Sneric 2 месяца назад +3

    the internet is kind of like the modern day library of alexandria in a way

  • besho
    besho 2 месяца назад

    *fear of knowledge* is the worst thing ever.

  • Koodie Xo
    Koodie Xo 2 месяца назад

    I wonder if anyone was band for writing boobs on pg 32

  • Christian Laraque
    Christian Laraque 2 месяца назад

    Theophilis in 325 ad burned what was left after Caesar’s war 400 yrs prior. It was the churches mission

  • Ponno Kutir
    Ponno Kutir 2 месяца назад

    So what really happened?

  • andre win
    andre win 2 месяца назад +1

    Perhaps we would be speaking greek instead of english should the library survive..

    • Unknown name
      Unknown name Месяц назад

      It's just a language.

    • Unknown name
      Unknown name Месяц назад

      I don't see a problem with this?

  • 4121Z0N4
    4121Z0N4 2 месяца назад


    HoW GoVeRNMeNT of them.

  • carlos diaz
    carlos diaz 2 месяца назад +1

    Wait a second Ted-Ed... in your narrative of the Alexandrian libraries history you curiously stopped at the year 415ce when Hypatia was murdered by it's "Christian Rulers" but very slyly left out the part about the Muslim rulers burning the whole thing to the ground in the 600's.
    You know, the so called politically correct stance you academics take to actually gloss over atrocities caused by this group are not only nauseating but dangerously revisionist even when the truth is well documented.
    Very shameful behavior on your part.

    • Commander Shepard
      Commander Shepard 2 месяца назад

      Actually there is no concrete evidence muslims did that, there are accounts that point out it was already burned before they took over. Regardless of which accounts are even true, we already know relgious people (at least those on the right lmao) are clearly far too triggered, illogical, and emotionally unstable to be able to handle any sort of knowledge that contradicts your (or their) world view.
      You alt right nutjobs are just scared it's yet another bloodstain on Christian hands. The list is already damn long babe we DO know for certain that christianity took part in destroying the library. what we DONT know is Whether muslims contributed or not, but it doesnt matter. Religions all have blood on their hands , literally the only one I can think of with the least blood on its hands that has also been practiced by humans for centuries is buddhism . The one thats the least bloody doesnt even have true "gods" as you idiots do. The irony is Hilarious.

  • Passionately Ambivalent
    Passionately Ambivalent 2 месяца назад

    Your final allegation is not supported by your reasoning. Throughout the video you suggest that it is your conjecture that the Library survived hundreds of years after the sacking of Alexandria, and died out slowly due to each group taking it over then losing a culture of knowledge. You offer no proof. You make it sound natural that the 'culture' of knowledge disappeared. Ever heard of the Muslim theologian Al-Ghazali and Sufism? Look it up.
    How did this dreck get on Ted?

  • kermit the asian
    kermit the asian 2 месяца назад

    *ePiC iNdEeD*

  • Mirabelle
    Mirabelle 2 месяца назад

    So we have monotheists to thank for losing all that knowledge? I'm not remotely shocked.

  • Evan Nesbitt
    Evan Nesbitt 2 месяца назад

    It's also worth nothing that Caesar wanted to build a library in Rome to rival the one at Alexandria where the same poets, doctors, and scientists could've studied and compiled their works and data, and the recovered works from Alexandria could have a new refuge. All a part of his public works project to employ the people of Rome.

  • eldersprig
    eldersprig 2 месяца назад

    and the world lost 99% of the knowledge of bigfoot and alien astronauts.

  • DopeFlamingoTV
    DopeFlamingoTV 2 месяца назад +1

    religions make us ignorants

  • Merna Walid
    Merna Walid 2 месяца назад

    Well the library of Alexandria still stands in alexandria , Egypt it contains thousands of books and holds hundreds of events every year and people count it as one of the greatest places here

  • toni ace
    toni ace 2 месяца назад

    Imagine what have happen if it wasn't gone? Knowledge for all to apply in real life.

  • Zack Fair
    Zack Fair 2 месяца назад +1

    Can you imagine if we we still had the library of Alexandria? The time we would have been able to save ...

  • Louie Weinhaus
    Louie Weinhaus 2 месяца назад

    Distorted memes any1?

  • anonymous komentar
    anonymous komentar 2 месяца назад +1

    It was destroyed by christians.

  • Rough collies
    Rough collies 2 месяца назад

    Sums up religion pretty well,try to study math and get your head cut off

  • Dont correct Plisss
    Dont correct Plisss 2 месяца назад

    Before century
    Before Chris
    Before Colombus

  • Chris Ganac
    Chris Ganac 2 месяца назад

    Notice how it was a public library the ancients wanted every one to enjoy and accept knowledge openly 👌

  • Φάτε Μάτια Ψάρια
    Φάτε Μάτια Ψάρια 2 месяца назад

    Judaism: lets start a Abrahamic religion and little by little poisoning the mind of Greco-Roman world and finally control it,
    - it's not possible they have evidence and knowledge about almost everything and the way of thinking is superior from us.
    BURN THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA!!! and blame Julius Ceasar :b
    🎶Hava Nagila plays in a distance while everything tear apart 🎶

  • Vic T
    Vic T 2 месяца назад

    So what I’m getting from this is that Julius Caesar set human civilization back 1000 years

  • Topics
    Topics 2 месяца назад +2

    If I went back in time, all the scholars would wonder why I’m taking all their books

  • P S
    P S 3 месяца назад +2

    Sometimes, I think about the Library and cry. Legitimately cry.

  • Shamsul Arefin
    Shamsul Arefin 3 месяца назад

    Why human always destroy important things. Such a premature creature we still are.

  • Specter 04
    Specter 04 3 месяца назад +3

    People mourning about the loss of this library but no one's talking about how they kept the original copy of the books and returned the copied version 2:04 which may have been interpolated or had mistakes.