Our day trip to the top of Volcano Etna Sicily Italy
- Published on Oct 22, 2014
- Info from Wikipedia:
Mount Etna (Italian: Etna, Sicilian: Mungibeddu or a Muntagna, Latin:Aetna) is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in theProvince of Catania, between Messina and Catania. It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It is the tallest active volcano on the European continent, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions.Etna covers an area of 1,190 km2 (459 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. In Greek Mythology, the deadly monster Typhonwas trapped under this mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky and thunder and king of gods, and the forges of Hephaestus were said to also be located underneath it.
Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. Due to its history of recent activity and nearby population, Mount Etna has been designated a Decade Volcano by the United Nations. In June 2013, it was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Eruptions of Etna follow a variety of patterns. Most occur at the summit, where there are currently (as of 2008)five distinct craters-the Northeast Crater, the Voragine, the Bocca Nuova, and the Southeast Crater Complex (2). Other eruptions occur on the flanks, which have more than 300 vents ranging in size from small holes in the ground to large craters hundreds of metres across. Summit eruptions can be highly explosive and spectacular, but rarely threaten the inhabited areas around the volcano. In contrast, flank eruptions can occur down to a few hundred metres altitude, close to or even well within the inhabited areas. Numerous villages and small towns lie around or on cones of past flank eruptions.
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