Protocell Circus

  • Опубликовано: 8 янв 2011
  • Protocell Circus: Spontaneous Generation
    a.k.a. A "Natural History" of Protocells
    Produced by Dr Rachel Armstrong and Michael Simon Toon - Dr Armstrong (senior TED fellow and UCL teaching fellow) created the protocells and footage in the laboratory at Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London. Post production, editing, sound and narrative by Toon.
    Protocells could be the beginning of life on Earth, maybe even the birth of consciousness itself. They are cells with no DNA. These simple protocells are the result of a reaction between a few basic chemicals, (oil, salt and water) yet they exhibit complex life-like behaviors which seem to validate Aristotle's theory of "Spontaneous Generation" otherwise known as "abiogenesis" which was superseded by "germ theory" which was popularized by Louis Pasteur. "Germ theory" however never addressed how inanimate matter, first came to be life-like in nature.
    Google searches for more information:
    Wired article on protocells:
    Word search for Protocells in wikipedia:

Комментарии • 23

  • Otangelo Grasso
    Otangelo Grasso 23 дня назад

    Abiogenesis is extremely unlikely - this is recognized the more science advances

    No scientific experiment has been able to come even close to synthesize the basic building blocks of life, and reproduce
    a self-replicating Cell in the Laboratory through self-assembly and autonomous organization

    The origin of life depends on biological cells, which perpetuate life upon the complex action of

    - factory portals with fully automated security checkpoints and control ( membrane proteins )
    - factory compartments ( organelles )
    - a library index and fully automated information classification, storage and retrieval program ( chromosomes, and the gene regulatory network )
    - molecular computers, hardware ( DNA )
    - software, a language using signs and codes like the alphabet, an instructional blueprint, ( the genetic and over a dozen epigenetic codes )
    - information retrieval ( RNA polymerase )
    - transmission ( messenger RNA )
    - translation ( Ribosome )
    - signalling ( hormones )
    - complex machines ( proteins )
    - taxis ( dynein, kinesin, transport vesicles )
    - molecular highways ( tubulins, used by dynein and kinesin proteins for molecular transport to various destinations )
    - tagging programs ( each protein has a tag, which is an amino acid sequence ) informing other molecular transport machines where to transport them.
    - factory assembly lines ( fatty acid synthase, non-ribosomal peptide synthase )
    - error check and repair systems ( exonucleolytic proofreading, strand-directed mismatch repair )
    - recycling methods ( endocytic recycling )
    - waste grinders and management ( Proteasome Garbage Grinders )
    - power generating plants ( mitochondria )
    - power turbines ( ATP synthase )
    - electric circuits ( the metabolic network )

    Biological cells are a veritable micro-miniaturized industrial park full of interlinked and interdependent factories containing millions of exquisitely designed
    pieces of intricate molecular machinery. Biological Cells do not resemble factory parks, they ARE an industrial park of various interconnected factories, working in conjunction.

    Hypothesis (Prediction):
    Complex machines and interconnected factory parks are intelligently designed. Biological cells are intelligently designed. Factories can not self-assemble spontaneously
    by orderly aggregation and sequentially correct manner without external direction. The claim can be falsified, once someone can demonstrate that factories
    can self-assemble spontaneously by orderly aggregation and sequentially correct manner without external direction.

    Since origin of life experiments began, nobody was able to bring up an experiment, replicating the origin of life by natural means.

    Eugene Koonin, advisory editorial board of Trends in Genetics, writes in his book: The Logic of Chance:
    " The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution, Eugene V. Koonin, page 351:
    The origin of life is the most difficult problem that faces evolutionary biology and, arguably, biology in general. Indeed, the problem is so hard and the current state of
    the art seems so frustrating that some researchers prefer to dismiss the entire issue as being outside the scientific domain altogether, on the grounds that unique
    events are not conducive to scientific study.

    A succession of exceedingly unlikely steps is essential for the origin of life, from the synthesis and accumulation of nucleotides to the origin of translation; through the
    multiplication of probabilities, these make the final outcome seem almost like a miracle. The difficulties remain formidable. For all the effort, we do not currently have
    coherent and plausible models for the path from simple organic molecules to the first life forms. Most damningly, the powerful mechanisms of biological evolution were
    not available for all the stages preceding the emergence of replicator systems. Given all these major difficulties, it appears prudent to seriously consider radical alternatives
    for the origin of life. " Scientists do not have even the slightest clue as to how life could have begun through an unguided naturalistic process absent the intervention of a
    conscious creative agency. The total lack of any kind of experimental evidence leading to the re-creation of life; not to mention the spontaneous emergence of life…
    is the most humiliating embarrassment to the proponents of naturalism and the whole so-called “scientific establishment” around it… because it undermines the worldview
    of who wants naturalism to be true.

    Upon the logic of mutual exclusion, design and non-design are mutually exclusive (it was one or the other) so we can use eliminative logic: if non-design is highly
    improbable, then design is highly probable. The evaluative status of non-design (and thus design) can be decreased or increased by observable empirical evidence, so
    a theory of design is empirically responsive and is testable, so, by applying Bayesian probability, we can conclude that Life is most probably intelligently designed.

  • tsopmocful
    tsopmocful Месяц назад

    Fascinating and compelling.
    An original artistic treat as well.

  • François-Xavier Dessureault
    François-Xavier Dessureault 3 года назад

    Everyone's arguing on the creationist debate and I just want to know what's the stuff these protocells seem to be assembling and extruding...
    Anyone has an idea? the protocellcircus website isn't any help.

  • Shufei
    Shufei 4 года назад

    Floating fetuses of all life, twitching in the Mother Earth.

  • IThinkWithMy Dick
    IThinkWithMy Dick 4 года назад +2

    "You're fired."
    "You stink."
    "Fuck you."
    "I want to put a baby inside you."
    "That'll be 25 cents, please."
    "Would you like fries with that?"

  • VanillaAbstract
    VanillaAbstract 5 лет назад +3

    These things are exhibiting higher thinking than my dog.

  • digemlo
    digemlo 5 лет назад +9

    Am I missing something here or is this just a video of dynamic entropy of solvation? The anthropomorphism in the captions is dreamy and thought-provoking, sure, but don't let its subjectivism be too misleading.

  • GreenSlugg
    GreenSlugg 5 лет назад

    Not really. I am a biotech major, meaning that I have spent the past several years of my life studying biology at the cellular, biochemical, and molecular levels. To call a drop of oil a cell is like saying that a brick is a computer, because they are a similar shape. I made a video about protocells replying to a Ted Talk.
    And yes, I included the critiques made by professional origin of life scientists.

  • nathonas
    nathonas 5 лет назад +1

    3,117 views? What the actual fuck. This is absolutely fascinating and offers a viable explanation of how life appeared on our planet.

  • J Salas
    J Salas 6 лет назад

    Life that is not based on cells and membranes is possible but it is most likely very, very, very rare.

  • J Salas
    J Salas 6 лет назад

    protocells first of all is basically a small robotic-like mechanism that can have a phosphate lipid bi-layer. RNA can form naturally in harsh primordial conditions. But there are lots and lots of variables, our planet is probably the one the only few planets in the Universe with multicellular life (Rare Earth Hypothesis). Cells are not truly alive but are basically organic robotic mechanisms that have a metabolic process for energy (they live on probability and chance).

  • J Salas
    J Salas 6 лет назад


  • J Salas
    J Salas 6 лет назад

    life can begin out of a less than 1% chance, a god does not exist in THIS universe, nor did a god a create it. The universe is a fluctuation of information enclosed within a membrane holding in rules that interact with each other. These fluctuations is why our reality makes "sense." The only way to see outside of these rules is through thought and philosophy. However, rules from alien universe's can never be perceived. Because of this, other universe's do not "exist." Because we cant percieve th

  • Ricardo Picoli
    Ricardo Picoli 6 лет назад

    Wonderful artistic production!! Congratulations!!

  • thuglifenos
    thuglifenos 7 лет назад

    What did they mean when they said it has metabolism.

  • Gormanmod
    Gormanmod 7 лет назад

    @5tonyvvvv ...this is not an answer nor a rebuttal. This is you in denial.

  • Gormanmod
    Gormanmod 7 лет назад

    @5tonyvvvv What defines life? I see life here.
    Also you changed your words to fit your point. You never said reorganize dead life.
    Stop adding straws to something you've clearly lost.

  • Gormanmod
    Gormanmod 7 лет назад

    @5tonyvvvv We do bring organisms back to life. Doctors do all the time. Even today we are working to clone neanderthals and mammoths.
    furthermore, the word "impossible" does not prove me wrong.
    I say again, prove it.

  • Gormanmod
    Gormanmod 7 лет назад

    @5tonyvvvv Sure they do. They do it all the time. Sometimes, they even self organize after the organism has died. Those sometimes become prions and can kill people.
    Also, there is something to select from. You didn't say how there isn't. Please prove it.

  • Gormanmod
    Gormanmod 7 лет назад

    @5tonyvvvv I imagine natural selection favors mono-types over time.