History vs. Cleopatra - Alex Gendler

  • Published on Feb 2, 2017
  • View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/history-vs-cleopatra-alex-gendler
    She was the most notorious woman in ancient history, a queen who enraptured not one but two of Rome’s greatest generals. But was she just a skilled seductress - or a great ruler in her own right? Alex Gendler puts this controversial figure on trial in History vs. Cleopatra.
    Lesson by Alex Gendler, animation by Brett Underhill.

Comments • 2 599

  • Dorothy Goh
    Dorothy Goh Day ago


  • aline oliveira silva

    he decided to stay at egypt WhY iS hEr FaUlT????

  • laavanya tripathi
    laavanya tripathi 12 days ago +1

    She was greek

  • Aniket Ghosh
    Aniket Ghosh 12 days ago

    She married her brother and had him executed... why do we even bother to justify her?

  • Amelia Fernandes
    Amelia Fernandes 17 days ago +7

    *Caution:* You may or may not have entered into a minefield of a comment section. Proceed carefully.

    L T HORNING 19 days ago +238

    "She ruled with her brother, to whom she was also married."

  • Anonymous173
    Anonymous173 20 days ago +1

    The supporter looks like brezhnev

  • loke arias
    loke arias 20 days ago +2

    if there were gods during this time, ra would look at zeus and say '' dont look at me man''

  • Sebastian Marquez
    Sebastian Marquez 20 days ago


  • Der Judenpharao
    Der Judenpharao 22 days ago

    Mary Sue

    Just Joking

  • Vuvf Chhfh
    Vuvf Chhfh 27 days ago +1

    I agree with the guy in the grey suit...anyone else agree with him?????

  • Yaama Real
    Yaama Real 28 days ago


  • Iris For Life
    Iris For Life Month ago +1

    *Cleopatra was the first beauty-guru. Fight me on that.*

  • Tanya Tangirala
    Tanya Tangirala Month ago

    Do it about Alexander the great

    EMRE ÇETİNKAYA Month ago


  • wardah
    wardah Month ago

    i dont even have this kind of history in my history classes wtf am i doing here

  • Changfri Depression

    I wish the liberary of alexandria never burned down.

  • kingogkingswoodz
    kingogkingswoodz Month ago +5

    Why is she depicted as brown skinned? She was greek' not Egyptian. They even showed that.

    • Giannis V.
      Giannis V. 16 days ago +1

      guess the sun gives you a tan right?

  • Nandi Appiah
    Nandi Appiah Month ago

    Why are the lawyers and attorneys men?
    Why can’t women RePrESenT?

  • Claudia Cobzaru
    Claudia Cobzaru Month ago

    I come from alexandria

  • Justin Time
    Justin Time Month ago

    She wasn't an Egyptian . Biggest fraud in history

  • Kellogs Rex
    Kellogs Rex Month ago

    wtf are you talking about, Octavian didn't get rid of Cleopatra for arbitrary 'sexist' reasons, he did it because she was a real threat to him.

  • Ward Hassan
    Ward Hassan Month ago +1

    proud to be Egyptian ❤

  • Chibi Gaming
    Chibi Gaming 2 months ago


  • Panccino BlueLifa
    Panccino BlueLifa 2 months ago

    I thought it said history *OF* Cleopatra.

  • blue sunflower
    blue sunflower 2 months ago +2

    "Putting history on trial"
    I couldn't explain what this meant but I totally understand that history is not always right that can judge how it is in the past to present. History somehow cannot be the judge of the pasts and its people.

    VIOLETTE EAT A BUTT 2 months ago

    This video help me with my history report 😂 so... Thanks for that

  • Chun Jin Liang
    Chun Jin Liang 2 months ago

    My name is Anthony

  • Autumn Firefly Flame
    Autumn Firefly Flame 2 months ago +1

    Whether or not Cleopatra was beautiful she was smart and helped Egypt become more successful.

  • Jo Jo
    Jo Jo 2 months ago +2

    Whites/Neanderthals don’t have much of an original culture or history of accomplishments. History teaches us that it was African cultures and peoples that gave whites higher religion, philosophy, and STEM. The first white civilization was Ancient Greece. And even the ancient Greeks works say they got their knowledge from ancient Egypt/Kemet. And the Romans got their knowledge both from the Egyptians/Kemetians, but originally from the Greeks. After the white Germanic tribes destroyed Rome and all its knowledge, the dark ages ensued. However, the Moors ended it. And the European renaissance only occurred because of Moors 800 yrs of occupation of Europe. Moors bought STEM: from soap to universities, to language, math and numeral systems; and sadly, the fire-stick (aka the rifle). I admit it, it’s true, whites are very very good at warfare. Mostly because whites have no honor, or a system of ethics and morality.

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 2 months ago

      So because I called you out on your nonsense, I’m white all of a sudden? That logic right there, along with everything else, proves how crazy you are and that no one with any sense should take you seriously.

    • Jo Jo
      Jo Jo 2 months ago

      Fabian Hale LMFAO are you but hurt? you whites have been altering, distorting, and outright lying about the historical truth for too long. Everyone around the world is connecting and talking about what you ppl have done and still do in all these places you “civilized” and “democratized”.
      And how are you going to say Neanderthals are extinct when a large chunk of the world’s population still carries those genes, mindset, and behaviors? We see what’s going on.
      The sun is on a mission to disinfect the planet of whites. And whites’ genes won’t allow for stable, flaw free procreation. You’re done. Done!

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 2 months ago

      None of that is true. Get rid of conspiracy theories because they don’t belong in history. And Neanderthals are extinct.

  • Sophie Noelle Gaming
    Sophie Noelle Gaming 2 months ago +1

    These hoes ain’t loyal

  • Canad
    Canad 2 months ago

    Cleopatra VII was a pretty effective pharaoh though.

  • giggity
    giggity 2 months ago

    I think Cleopatra was just in the middle of two power hungry dudes that were destined to fight for sole control of Rome. Cleopatra could have never rule Rome, the way the Romans were there is no doubt in my mind that Rome was planning to take over Egypt anyways.

  • Rika Maulidiya
    Rika Maulidiya 2 months ago

    Indonesia subs please 😢

  • Julius Caesar
    Julius Caesar 2 months ago +1

    I regret nothing

  • W Serba
    W Serba 2 months ago

    Why not animate it with a female lawyer, or judge?

  • jorham1
    jorham1 2 months ago

    When languages of egypt were greek and coptic...alfa vita gamma delta......

  • Mike signs
    Mike signs 3 months ago

    I rule in favor of the defense

  • Mariah Delapenia
    Mariah Delapenia 3 months ago

    You know, the Europeans have been known to change the appearance of people from different cultures that don’t look like them. So maybe Cleopatra was Egyptian, she was just given European facial features?

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 3 months ago +1

      Except for the fact that her entire family were Macedonians and not Egyptians due to the existence of the family tree, sculptures, and other historical and archaeological things.

  • Ellie Green
    Ellie Green 3 months ago

    Anne Boleyn vs History. It's always interesting how harsh historical accounts can be towards women.

  • stag beetle
    stag beetle 3 months ago +2

    "she ruled with her brother...
    ... To whom she was also married"

  • Arthur Ralston@wake up black people

    A bunch of fake European Western historically lies created by the Papal rome to place themselves in the land of the Gods to give themsellves legitimacy the cat is out the bag sissies ...

  • The Dark Master The Dark Master

    3:16 Why?
    Because women actually have that power. It's way easier for a girl to get laid. FACT

  • Jocelyn Lin
    Jocelyn Lin 3 months ago

    How do you kill someone by POINTING AT TOY BOATS GOING ACROSS A PUDDLE?!

  • Roryplayz 69
    Roryplayz 69 3 months ago

    :-) ;) :> :-(

  • denasdumbass
    denasdumbass 3 months ago

    i wish everyone would stop arguing and ridiculing each other in the comments. since many of you didn’t notice, this series isn’t textbook. its not regurgitating what your history teacher taught you. it’s giving insight on the daily life of these figures. GENDER EQUALITY PLAYED A HUGE ROLE IN HISTORY; IT ALWAYS WILL. which is why we know so little about cleopatra, BECAUSE SHE WAS FEMALE.

    ABISHEK MUTHIAN 3 months ago

    This format is excellent, do more of the versus videos in court setup to learn arguments from different angles.

  • Brittany Davis
    Brittany Davis 3 months ago

    I love this video. I see there wasn't that much debating but i can the points they made in the video.

  • PeeGee_
    PeeGee_ 3 months ago

    You said she can speak several languages but you put up 6 speech bubbles

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 3 months ago

      Do you not know what several means. Anything more than one or two is several.

  • Kira Shulgina
    Kira Shulgina 3 months ago

    Now I want a movie about badass Cleopatra

  • Ca33aS3iN Supreme
    Ca33aS3iN Supreme 3 months ago

    3:18 LMAO

  • wafflegamer 251
    wafflegamer 251 3 months ago

    She had tosses ceaser salad

  • mayur kalsekar
    mayur kalsekar 3 months ago

    For more clarity watch DARK HORSE

  • Ornithocowian King
    Ornithocowian King 3 months ago

    I love this series...
    : |}

  • Raymond Ballad
    Raymond Ballad 4 months ago

    the ancient thot

  • cammiecookies
    cammiecookies 4 months ago

    3:32 do do DO do do do do do do *do*

  • Frank Ponce
    Frank Ponce 4 months ago

    I'm not gonna lie, Assassin's Creed Origins brought me here. I don't regret it though. :D

  • Zhi yee Lim
    Zhi yee Lim 4 months ago

    Cleopatra in fate grand order

  • cactus :D
    cactus :D 4 months ago +3

    Do more women! And don’t spare the actually oppressive ones like Eva Perron

  • Xavier Warfield
    Xavier Warfield 4 months ago

    She was the first ruler of her dynasty to actual speak the native language

  • Arcel Glenn Mayrena
    Arcel Glenn Mayrena 4 months ago

    I can't wait for Gaga to play her in a movie.

  • Sophia A
    Sophia A 4 months ago


  • C R
    C R 4 months ago


  • Kareem Galaroza
    Kareem Galaroza 4 months ago

    Cleopatra is the daughter of none other than Alexander the great..

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 4 months ago +1

      With all due respect, get your history right. Kleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XII and lived more than two and a half centuries after Alexander. As for Alexander, he had only one child, a son. Who on earth taught you this?

  • Hey Humans!
    Hey Humans! 4 months ago

    I think of cleopatra as one of the most badass women in history.

  • Sami Motaghedi
    Sami Motaghedi 4 months ago

    What got Caesar killed was his constant war mongering and his attempt to take power away from the Senate. It had nothing to do with Cleopatra

  • Shikhar Sachan
    Shikhar Sachan 4 months ago +2

    " ...particular kind of support!"

  • false name
    false name 4 months ago +1

    History looks like Connor, the android sent by CyberLife.

  • Neev Agarwal
    Neev Agarwal 4 months ago

    Can we plz change the intro music

  • Sina Zarin
    Sina Zarin 4 months ago

    All i see is that Egypt died with her. Thousands of years of culture gone ...

  • Sao Saosson
    Sao Saosson 4 months ago +1

    3:40 looks like somebody haven’t read a history book

  • Nani Dean
    Nani Dean 4 months ago

    I literally love this ⭐️

  • Emilia Morales
    Emilia Morales 4 months ago

    That’s cool that she had so many cool stuf

  • Dr Zoidberg
    Dr Zoidberg 4 months ago +2

    I’d hardly call the narration objective in this video. The video clearly wants you to sympathize with Cleopatra. While I agree that history can often stereotype beautiful women as jezebels, it’s clear that the makers of this video are not interested in presenting the facts objectively. Women can be just as fallible as men and making a series of videos called “history on trial”gives the watcher the impression that both sides would be presented without bias. But this is clearly skewed in wanting you to believe she was a saint and that patriarchy is the reason she is misunderstood

    • Libertatem Advocatus
      Libertatem Advocatus 3 months ago

      But the Romans were pretty sexist.
      I am no SJW, but I am more of the opinion that Cleopatra was mostly smeared and was a fine ruler.
      Considering the place and time, everyone was scheming, plotting, bribing, seducing, and so on. She would have been foolish had she been the only trusting person there.

  • Neshikashree Senthilkumar

    Why nothing about India

  • how are you
    how are you 5 months ago

    I love these videos! They help me put things in perspective.

  • It Is I
    It Is I 5 months ago

    I thought I heard him say megalovania

  • gogetyourgun
    gogetyourgun 5 months ago

    Hope they make a video about Empress Wu Zetian

  • Shadow Hunter
    Shadow Hunter 5 months ago


  • Dianne de Guzman
    Dianne de Guzman 5 months ago

    Early Egyptians are like the first fashionistas.

  • Bot :P
    Bot :P 5 months ago +1

    I thought she was greek

  • Γιάννης χ
    Γιάννης χ 5 months ago +2

    Cleopatra was Greek- thus, she shouldn't have been depicted as Egyptian.

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 19 days ago

      The only times in which the Ptolemies were displayed as Egyptian was for conducting native rites and making public appearances before the non Hellenic population. The Ptolemies fashioned themselves as Greeks and Hellenistic rulers.

    • Libertatem Advocatus
      Libertatem Advocatus 3 months ago

      The Ptolemy family did fashion themselves as Egyptians though. Many followed the Kemetic faith and they took up dressing like Egyptians.

  • aydid mohammad arab shah

    this european has really some mental problem of owing and describing the history on their favour...cleopetra was not greek decent.

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 5 months ago +1

      Kleopatra was Macedonian Greek mixed with Persian. Do some research.

  • Jaime J.
    Jaime J. 5 months ago


  • I have no creativity for a name

    So one of them is basically saying she’s a thot.

  • Sherry Bisslik
    Sherry Bisslik 5 months ago

    I did a report on her once. She's one of my favorite historic figure.

  • Nicole Policarpo
    Nicole Policarpo 5 months ago

    Why does Alex have an accent all the sudden?

  • Tray Murphy
    Tray Murphy 5 months ago

    Just for clarification she was ruling After the time of alex was not to say he had stolen africa at that time because he hadn't

  • Chaasayad Sawapah
    Chaasayad Sawapah 6 months ago

    She was not an actual Egyptian. She was an edomite. The true Egyptians had been long ran out of Egypt. More lies

    • Chaasayad Sawapah
      Chaasayad Sawapah 6 months ago

      +Fabian Hale
      The people appear under a Greek form of their old name, as Idumeans or Idumaeans, and their new territory was called Idumeaor Idumaea (Greek: Ἰδουμαία, Idoumaía; Latin: Idūmaea), a term that was used in New Testamenttimes.
      Who are the Greeks? Who are the Latina in the new testament? Rome? Would these not me descendants of Alexander? I'll wait........drops the mic. Have a good night. ✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽

    • Chaasayad Sawapah
      Chaasayad Sawapah 6 months ago

      +Fabian Hale actually you made a statement and I gave you historical facts that you are unable to disprove. Not only that, but you climbed in your feelings. You stated that Macedonia were not descendants of Edom. I showed through different sources that you are incorrect. I gave you books to research. You are unlearned and lack any viable understanding. Go get your learning up and return with some fact to prove your case....or don't. It makes me no difference. ✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 6 months ago

      No you need an education because you’ve still proven nothing and provided no answer to me. Instead you just deflect to another direction.

    • Fabian Hale
      Fabian Hale 6 months ago

      Kleopatra was Macedonian mixed with Persian Not whatever nonsense you’re throwing out.

  • Nyan Cat
    Nyan Cat 6 months ago +1

    She betrayed Bayek and Aya.

  • fu rrys scare me
    fu rrys scare me 6 months ago

    That accent thou

    NAVEMAN3 6 months ago

    Guilty or Not Guilty? Thumbs up for guilty, thumbs down for not guilty.

  • Rakasiwiii fiddihaq
    Rakasiwiii fiddihaq 6 months ago

    They have great library but dont have good history of their queen?

  • Aniket Pandey
    Aniket Pandey 6 months ago

    She WAS pretty much a Goddess

  • Georgia Rose Isabella Ford-Keen

    Even in the History vs Augustus video, they leave out Marcus Lepidus. He was apart of the Second Triumvirate, which basically, was an alliance between Augustus, Mark Antony and himself. Though, he didn't play as big as a role as they did, so I guess that's way. He was driven into exile by Augustus.

  • BigDogJang0
    BigDogJang0 6 months ago +1

    If Cleopatra was from a Greek family, then why did you guys make her brown?

  • Neil Valentino
    Neil Valentino 6 months ago +1

    You guys Should play Assassin Creed Origins For this

  • Sketchy Getchey
    Sketchy Getchey 6 months ago

    Who’s afraid of Cleopatra, Cleopatra, Cleopatra?
    Who’s afraid of Cleopatra?

  • Amphora Morph
    Amphora Morph 6 months ago

    I’m not sure which side we’re meant to be on.

  • Xander PGK
    Xander PGK 6 months ago

    Damn! She had it all!