The rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire - Leonora Neville

  • Published on Apr 9, 2018
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    Most history books will tell you that the Roman Empire fell in the fifth century CE, but this would’ve come as a surprise to the millions who lived in the Roman Empire through the Middle Ages. This Medieval Roman Empire, today called the Byzantine Empire, began when Constantine, the first Christian emperor, moved Rome's capital. Leonora Neville details the rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire.
    Lesson by Leonora Neville, animation by Remus & Kiki.
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Comments • 2 683

  • luisqsk
    luisqsk 14 hours ago

    Byzantines were total idiots

  • C Six
    C Six Day ago

    “What do you mean the ships are walking?”
    -Last Words of Constantine XI, 1453

  • Thomas Dinh
    Thomas Dinh Day ago

    2:04 the clay maker has 1 arm but 2 hands are on the pot

  • Malte Hansen
    Malte Hansen 2 days ago

    And there comes the Christians ruining everything AGAIN

    • Malte Hansen
      Malte Hansen 2 days ago

      And here comes the Christians ruining everything again.

  • Niko Nasar
    Niko Nasar 3 days ago

    Do one on Georgian Kingdom !

  • Windy
    Windy 3 days ago

    1:35 Pull the lever, Kronk

  • Nneka Nnabuogor
    Nneka Nnabuogor 3 days ago


  • Jason Gravenberch
    Jason Gravenberch 3 days ago

    who´s here after revelations?

  • S Mavi
    S Mavi 5 days ago


  • うずまきナルト
    うずまきナルト 6 days ago +4

    Oh, It's called East Roman Empire, not Byzantine Empire!!!

  • Dario Vurchio
    Dario Vurchio 6 days ago +1

    721 Turks disliked the video

  • izzojunior
    izzojunior 6 days ago

    The animation is absolutely top drawer...quite gripping and Addison’s narrations never fail 🙌🏿🙌🏿🙌🏿👍🏿👍🏿

  • Ethan
    Ethan 6 days ago +1

    Ted-Ed is amazing...I can't even explain it in words. You guys are so informational and make it fun to learn about these things. The art and animation is great, and I watch all your videos and show them to my friends. My social studies teacher is also a BIG fan of your work, so keep up the great work! I hope one day I could be as good as you.

  • max fakerson
    max fakerson 7 days ago +1

    Did the byzantines really have golden mechanical birds, hydraulic engines, and mechanical lions?????

  • Myosotis
    Myosotis 8 days ago +2

    Peasants: Istanbul
    Also peasants: Constantinople
    True intelectuals: _Byzantion_

  • GodGirl78
    GodGirl78 8 days ago

    All this coming up after my ap world history test 😑😑

  • WindsorMapping
    WindsorMapping 9 days ago

    To bad that edge wasn't enough to beat the Sassanid Dynasty

  • sammycool123456789
    sammycool123456789 10 days ago

    Actually most history books would say 330 ad

  • Phung Truong
    Phung Truong 11 days ago


    CAT DURGS 11 days ago +3

    "What's now _Greece_ .... *AND TURKEY"*
    Also missed how more contributing to their downfall the Seljuk Turks were.

  • Asrar Guitar
    Asrar Guitar 11 days ago

    Im byzantine

  • Λεωνανδρος Περγαμενος

    Byzantine Empire never existed. The term Byzantine its a trick invented from the Western Europeans to steal the romam heritage from the Greeks. There were never such a think as Byzantines, just Greeks who became Romans and ruled the leftover Romam empire for almost 1000 years.
    Ζήτω ή Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων

  • Jonny Williams
    Jonny Williams 12 days ago

    can turkey just rename it konstantiniye please thanks bye

  • Chicken
    Chicken 13 days ago +13

    "Who were the barbarians? Non-Romans said the Romans being invaded by non-Romans."

  • Joel Castro
    Joel Castro 13 days ago +1

    Costantine was a pagan most of his life and if he was a christian it was when he was on his death bed, dont misinform people.

  • McSlav
    McSlav 13 days ago

    Its not BY Its VI

  • Gigabeef 123
    Gigabeef 123 14 days ago

    I think its fair to say Rome fell in the fifth century, how can you call yourself emperor of Rome when Rome isn't in your empire and most of your rulers were Greeks?

    • Gigabeef 123
      Gigabeef 123 14 days ago

      The most accurate thing you can call it is the eastern Roman empire.

  • HeliosPK
    HeliosPK 14 days ago +1

    The Byzantine Empire fell because of islam. Byzantines were at war with the persians. After the war, islam conquered persia and then Constantinople. The crusades happened because the byzantine emperor asked for help against the muslim advancement in the middle east. Christians have been the victims for 1400 years, die or convert to islam. They also destroyed everything that defied the quran, they set the world 1000 years back destroying Baghdad, alexandria and Constantinople. They dont teach this in schools because it doesnt fit the narrative. They always trying to make it seam how christians and the crusades were bad and Islam was so good. When thats simply not true .

  • Zoran Cvijic
    Zoran Cvijic 15 days ago


  • Sebastian Marquez
    Sebastian Marquez 20 days ago

    Be wary
    Angry greeks, italians and turks below

  • Just a Grammar Nazi
    Just a Grammar Nazi 20 days ago +2

    How to start a comment's war:
    Say that you're Venetian

  • Christina Theodora
    Christina Theodora 21 day ago +4

    The Byzantine Empire is the Greek Empire Part II: Orthodox Christianity. All orthodox churches still have domes to this day.

  • Alperen Başer
    Alperen Başer 22 days ago

    In Turkey we still call Greeks and Turks as Rums . Which mean Roman . Such as medieval kingdom like Sultanate of Rum and famous phylsopher like Mevlana Celalettin Rumi . Thats why we have such similiar culture and genes .

  • S P
    S P 27 days ago +1

    It's ottoman sultan, not emperor

    TOX ILE 29 days ago

    Its time for a crusade

  • Pure Unadulterated yinz

    I mean the byzantines kinda cut kids wieners of and that’s why I what’s them

  • Georgios The Greek
    Georgios The Greek Month ago +2

    A civilization destroyed by the Ottomans for nothing. A land stolen by the turks.

  • Veronica Logotheti
    Veronica Logotheti Month ago

    There is the arab style

  • Benjamin Connolly
    Benjamin Connolly Month ago


  • The legend 200475
    The legend 200475 Month ago

    Ezio Auditore helped with the fall of the Byzantines.

  • David Idiart
    David Idiart Month ago

    This animation is awesome.

  • Cory Thompson
    Cory Thompson Month ago +1

    Talks about the Byzantine Empire but never talks about Justinian and Theodora

  • Χρηστος Σταμοσ

    Thx Byzantine for the spoons

    JOSIAH ISRAEL Month ago

    yea, ok.

  • Vikas Ahlawat
    Vikas Ahlawat Month ago

    Awesome video thanks

  • dustinb42
    dustinb42 Month ago +1

    You did a whole video about the Byzantines and never mentioned Justinian . . . How?

  • 周乐
    周乐 Month ago

    respect from China. salute to the Roman empire. our ancient friend

  • Theodoros PETRIDIS
    Theodoros PETRIDIS Month ago +6

    It’s poetic, Rome began as a city, and ended as a city.

  • Drswag 007
    Drswag 007 Month ago

    back when Rome was still a republic it was split between Octavian (Augustus) in the west and Mark Antony in the east so my theory is that he was the real first Byzantine emperor long before Constantine and the splitting of the empire

  • Kevin Rodríguez
    Kevin Rodríguez Month ago

    So sad this empires fell due to corruption and plots.

  • Kellogs Rex
    Kellogs Rex Month ago

    Very interesting

  • Ice Wallow Come Chico
    Ice Wallow Come Chico Month ago +1

    *Kwaryntine Empire*

  • Cyrus jamito
    Cyrus jamito Month ago

    Byzantine empire fall to ottoman empire

  • Captain Souvlakis
    Captain Souvlakis 2 months ago +2

    It hurts me and my friends watching Constantinople in the hands of allah

    • Ahmet Altiner
      Ahmet Altiner Month ago

      +Captain Souvlakis So maybe you should say "it hurts me and my friends watching Constantinople in the hands of governments" instead of "Allah". No???

    • Captain Souvlakis
      Captain Souvlakis Month ago +1

      +Ahmet Altiner No... It's the governments fault the civilians have nothing to do with it

    • Ahmet Altiner
      Ahmet Altiner Month ago

      +Captain Souvlakis "I" personally tried to change it???

    • Captain Souvlakis
      Captain Souvlakis Month ago +1

      +Ahmet Altiner it's a Cristian church and you try to change that

    • Ahmet Altiner
      Ahmet Altiner Month ago

      Captain Souvlakis why?

  • Agent Hunk
    Agent Hunk 2 months ago

    The Eastern Roman Empire died when it became the Byzantines.

    KING JIMMY CRAFT 2 months ago

    My books never said the Roman Empire fell in 5th Century B.C.

    ANIMATOR 2 months ago +3


  • Hussnain Haidar
    Hussnain Haidar 2 months ago

    The animation is so funny....

  • KSA
    KSA 2 months ago +1

    Byzantine was crushed by Muslims 💪🏽😐

    • KSA
      KSA 2 months ago

      +sanjay a p p
      Arabs were defeated by west not by Israel, however, we were told by our prophet that Jews will occupy Palestine and he prophesied that we will kick out Jews from Palestine.

    • sanjay a p p
      sanjay a p p 2 months ago

      similarly arabs got crushed by israel.....hahahaha.......israel occupied

  • Luke Ferrer
    Luke Ferrer 2 months ago

    To be honest the Byzantine Empire was the successful empire whom ever lived through 800 or 1000 years
    but It still broke my heart when the fall of Constantinople

  • Ikmalreza 1998
    Ikmalreza 1998 2 months ago

    Imagine how badass it would be if the Byzantium Empire lasted to the modern day.

  • LeisurelyBacon
    LeisurelyBacon 2 months ago +1

    **Crusade noises**

  • T Murray
    T Murray 2 months ago +1

    Good viewing. Should be shown in schools. Well done.

    LEFT4BASS 2 months ago +1

    Fun fact: It wasn’t the Turks who came up with the name Istanbul. It was the Byzantines. Since Constantinople was the only major city in the area, people heading to Constantinople would say they were going “to the city” which in Greek is “Is tan polis” eventually the phrase “is tan polis” became Istanbul. People were calling it that for some time before the Turks came along.
    It wasn’t officially renamed Istanbul until after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of Turkey.

  • The Wraith Summoner
    The Wraith Summoner 2 months ago

    AC Revelations taught me well.

  • The Wraith Summoner
    The Wraith Summoner 2 months ago

    realistically every empire fell eventually

  • Rustam Shakirov
    Rustam Shakirov 2 months ago +1

    My heart goes through tachycardia due to too much excitement.

  • seraj alhorani
    seraj alhorani 2 months ago

    Khalid ben alwalid entered the chat

  • Michael Daley
    Michael Daley 2 months ago +1

    When Mehmet conquered Constantinople he added Caesar to his titles and many believed his empire as the continuation of Rome but under Islam.

  • MishpachatAlexander
    MishpachatAlexander 2 months ago

    Ted Ed is very awesome. The best history video in the AP class.

  • ZOODUDE100
    ZOODUDE100 2 months ago

    3:00 The 4th Crusade aka THE CRAZY ONE!
    Crusaders who originally made a deal with the Venetians to ferry them across the Sea by attacking a Christian city called Zara which was rebelling against Venice, lead to the excommunicating of both the Crusaders and the Venetians. So when they turned on them, the excommunicated Catholic Crusaders attacked the largest city in Orthodox Christianity, leading to the capture of the 4 Horses currently residing at St. Marks in Venice. AND ABSOLUTELY NONE OF THE HOLY LAND WAS TAKEN OR EVEN SEEN BY THE CRUSADERS.

  • Mujtaba Mustafa
    Mujtaba Mustafa 2 months ago

    Not a single mention of how Islam and the Rashidun Caliphate were the real reasons of the fall of the Byzantine empire

  • Yol Akin
    Yol Akin 2 months ago +2

    Istanbul was Constantinople
    Now it's Istanbul, not Constantinople
    Been a long time gone, Oh Constantinople
    Now it's Turkish delight on a moonlit night.

  • Sung Min Lee
    Sung Min Lee 2 months ago

    Such a great christian empire now a muslim country

  • 88 jlj
    88 jlj 2 months ago

    There are 2 errors in the video:
    1. Alexios Angelos didn't promised to give money to the crusades, he promised to give 1000's of soldiers to crusaders to help them retake the lost city of Jerusalem.
    2. Crusades didn't occupied any region of Byzantine empire for more then couple months.

  • selfie kroos
    selfie kroos 2 months ago +29

    It was Greek under a Roman banner.

    NGUYEN LE 2 months ago

    Apparently, Attila the Hun himself saw the walls of Constantinople, and walked away.

  • Altuğ Ceyhan
    Altuğ Ceyhan 2 months ago

    I haven't known Byzantine name used first time after a hundred years later of the empire fell down

  • Xaio-Xen
    Xaio-Xen 2 months ago +2

    Byzantine are still romans

  • Duolingo Bird
    Duolingo Bird 2 months ago +2

    The Hagia Sophia was made by the greatest Roman emperor EVER Justinian

  • Dimitris Exadaktylos
    Dimitris Exadaktylos 2 months ago

    Such a simplification of a such complicated era and the way Michael (michail) palaiologos wasn't Roman but least do your homework wright before making a "history" video

  • Tom Dan
    Tom Dan 2 months ago +2

    Istanbul is a stolen town from Europe,take it back

  • Thomas
    Thomas 2 months ago +1

    Sort of ironic how people fought ages and ages for their now long lost nationalities, considdering the countries that eventually survived the tests of time. All we are doing now is closing these blood-stained borders to all people who might have been our nationality just a few hundred years back.

    At the end of the day it's just people fighting other people.

  • Tad Tranclere
    Tad Tranclere 2 months ago +1

    I think 4:26 shows a really bad bias in this video. They really want to call the Byzantines Romans but really, as mentioned immediately after, the Byzantines turned their backs on the gods of Rome, the city, and the language. As someone whose second major is in Classics: Latin, I cannot refer to this group as Roman. They may have viewed themselves as a continuation of the Roman Empire (Constantine being, in my view, the last emperor of Rome as well as the first emperor of Byzantium once he moved the capital) but they just weren’t really.

    • tyrex 355
      tyrex 355 2 months ago

      +Tad Tranclere When Rome fell, it was centuries since the eastern provinces were Roman. The united states have existed for a little more than two hundred years, when Rome fell it was at least 500 years since Greece was Roman.After being under Roman rule for so long, it's ridiculous not to consider them as Roman on the pretext that they do not speak Latin.
      They adopted all the elements of the Roman civilizations (constructions, laws, customs ....) except Latin. It does not matter if they spoke Greek, Aramaic or Coptic. The Eastern Romans were Roman because they had adopted the Roman way of life.
      And then a country does not cease to exist after a change of capital, nor after its fall.
      And then, all these changes have been progessives.
      Edict of Milan authorizing Christianity in 313, fall of Rome in 476, Greek only official language of the empire from the reign of Heraclius in 610.Between Constantine and Heraclius, it is as much time as between Julius Caesar and Constantine.Any country change.The empire is Roman because it is the direct continuation.
      And then the fact that the Greek becomes the official language does not change anything because the Roman civilization saw the day thanks to the Greek civilization. In fact, it is the Roman civilization it is the Greek civilization in Latin language.
      The Roman Empire is the continuation of the Greek civilization (architecture, art, mythology, military tactics similar before the adoption of the legion, Latin writing which is actually a modified Greek alphabet).
      The "Byzantine" empire does not exist. It is the Roman Empire, it is only a 16th century German historian who decided that the empire had changed its name after the fall of Rome.

    • Tad Tranclere
      Tad Tranclere 2 months ago

      tyrex 355 it’s not Rome anymore once Rome itself has been abandoned.

    • tyrex 355
      tyrex 355 2 months ago +2

      Countries are changing. The Roman Empire of the time of Constantine was itself very different from that of Julius Caesar and even more of the time of Romulus 1st King of Rome.

  • Patz13
    Patz13 2 months ago +1

    You omitted the Byzantine slaughter of Western Europeans living in Constantinople prior to the sack of Constantinople. After the assassinated Emperor did not pay those soldiers who assisted him, since he was dead, those Western European soldiers were starving to death. The new Byzantine Emperor could have paid them...and given them food....especially since the Eastern Roman Empire got more direct benefit from the Crusades than did Western Europe. Also you omitted that the Byzantine Emperor promised military aid to the Crusaders...but delivered next to nothing. The Eastern Roman Empire did nothing to assist with the Crusades...though they benefited greatly from the sacrifices of the Crusaders and Western Europe. And you omitted the numerous Byzantine attacks on and occupations of parts of Italy. You also omitted that the First Crusade was an answer to the Byzantine Emperor requesting the Pope for military aid to defend his borders from continual Muslims attacks.

  • Too Much Thought
    Too Much Thought 2 months ago

    It should be noted that Constantine did not want the city to be named after him. He wanted Nova Roma (new Rome) but his cult of personality changed it to be named after him.

  • Zenas Deng
    Zenas Deng 2 months ago +1

    why are there 666 dislikes...

  • 中原マリ
    中原マリ 2 months ago

    So like the Holy Roman Empire? Hahahahaha.

  • Fruniefryyeah
    Fruniefryyeah 2 months ago

    great video, easy to follow

  • Dipayan Nandi
    Dipayan Nandi 2 months ago

    Constantinople calls for aid. Will Rohan answer?

  • Nikias Publius
    Nikias Publius 2 months ago +2

    In the end, one thing is certain ... though the Roman’s copied the Greeks in nearly ever facet of culture... Greece still had a more successful Rome than Rome did.

  • Demy Troy
    Demy Troy 2 months ago

    Byzantime is Greek empire lol

  • Ishiboo Productions
    Ishiboo Productions 3 months ago

    sum bots huh

  • Zanfish
    Zanfish 3 months ago

    3:13 BIG CHONK

  • General Lee
    General Lee 3 months ago +24

    Byzantine history is a part of Greek history 330 - 1453

  • suraj kumar
    suraj kumar 3 months ago


  • Hamza Kuruçay
    Hamza Kuruçay 3 months ago +1

    I don't understand why Greeks are mad Constaninople is called Istanbul today... Istanbul is a greek-originated name too.

  • Onkar Pachhade
    Onkar Pachhade 3 months ago

    elite cataphract 😜

  • OdysseusThinking
    OdysseusThinking 3 months ago

    Byzantine Empire we miss you :'( you stood strong for so long and brought such beauty to the world, but met the same fate as every other Empire after all.

  • gamerx112
    gamerx112 3 months ago

    lesson of the story.
    dont swindle armed mercs that have a tendency to cause violence when swindled